Interactive end-of-chapter exercises


TCP retransmissions (reliable data transmission with ACK loss)

Consider the figure below in which a TCP sender and receiver communicate over a connection in which the segments can be lost. The TCP sender wants to send a total of 10 segments to the receiver and sends an initial window of 5 segments at t = 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. Suppose the initial value of the sequence number is 83 and every segment sent to the receiver each contains 166 bytes. The delay between the sender and receiver is 7 time units, and so the first segment arrives at the receiver at t = 8, and an ACK for this segment arrives at t = 15. As shown in the figure, 1 of the 5 segments is lost between the sender and the receiver, but one of the ACKs is lost. Assume there are no timeouts and any out of order segments received are thrown out.



Question List


1. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t=1?

2. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t=2?

3. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t=3?

4. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t=4?

5. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t=5?

6. What is the value of the ACK sent at t=8? (If segment lost, write 'x')

7. What is the value of the ACK sent at t=9? (If segment lost, write 'x')

8. What is the value of the ACK sent at t=10? (If segment lost, write 'x')

9. What is the value of the ACK sent at t=11? (If segment lost, write 'x')

10. What is the value of the ACK sent at t=12? (If segment lost, write 'x')

11. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t = 15? (If ACK never arrives, write 'x')

12. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t = 16? (If ACK never arrives, write 'x')

13. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t = 17? (If ACK never arrives, write 'x')

14. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t = 18? (If ACK never arrives, write 'x')

15. What is the sequence number of the segment sent at t = 19? (If ACK never arrives, write 'x')




Solution


1. The sequence number of the first segment is the starting sequence number, which is 83.

2. The sequence number of the second segment is = 83 + 166 = 249.

3. The sequence number of the third segment is = 249 + 166 = 415.

4. The sequence number of the fourth segment is = 415 + 166 = 581.

5. The sequence number of the fifth segment is = 581 + 166 = 747.

6. The ACK value is the sequence number of the next expected segment, which is 249.

7. The ACK value is the sequence number of the next expected segment, which is 415.

8. The ACK value is the sequence number of the next expected segment, which is 581.

9. The ACK value is the sequence number of the next expected segment, which is 747.

10. Since the segment was lost, the ACK is never sent, so the answer is x.

11. Since there was nothing to send (as we're waiting for ACKs), the answer is x.

12. The sequence number of this segment is calculated the same way as the first five segments. The sequence number is 913.

13. The sequence number of this segment is calculated the same way as the first five segments. The sequence number is 1079.

14. The sequence number of this segment is calculated the same way as the first five segments. The sequence number is 1245.

15. The sequence number of this segment is calculated the same way as the first five segments. The sequence number is 1411.



That's incorrect

That's correct

The answer was: 83

Question 1 of 15

The answer was: 249

Question 2 of 15

The answer was: 415

Question 3 of 15

The answer was: 581

Question 4 of 15

The answer was: 747

Question 5 of 15

The answer was: 249

Question 6 of 15

The answer was: 415

Question 7 of 15

The answer was: 581

Question 8 of 15

The answer was: 747

Question 9 of 15

The answer was: x

Question 10 of 15

The answer was: x

Question 11 of 15

The answer was: 913

Question 12 of 15

The answer was: 1079

Question 13 of 15

The answer was: 1245

Question 14 of 15

The answer was: 1411

Question 15 of 15

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